On the impossibility of coin-flipping in generalized probabilistic theories via discretizations of semi-infinite programs

Coin-flipping is a fundamental cryptographic task where a spatially separated Alice and Bob wish to generate a fair coin-flip over a communication channel. It is known that ideal coin-flipping is impossible in both classical and quantum theory. In this talk, I will give a short proof that it is also impossible in generalized probabilistic theories under the Generalized No-Restriction Hypothesis. Our proof relies crucially on a formulation of cheating strategies as semi-infinite programs, i.e., cone programs with infinitely many constraints. This introduces a new formalism which may be of independent interest to the quantum community.

Work with John Selby.